Friday 30th June 2023 – Denaby Crags

Leader : Carl & Tony (of the Friends).
Members present: NB, CH from the Nats & from the friends Alan, Fenella, Neil and at least three others (apologies for not recording your names).

The Nats had been invited by the Friends of Denaby Crags to accompany them on a walk around the crags and point out any interesting summer-time plants and animals. For Nats members who couldn’t attend … well, you missed a treat. The Friends, living up to their name, are a most agreeable and convivial (see later) bunch who in casual conversation revealed a breadth of interests and expertise and an eagerness to learn more about their beloved Denaby/Conisbrough area.

In earlier visits we had looked at elements of ancient woodland (Denaby Thick) and the development of Community Woodland, planted during the hard times of the 1980s. Today we looked at the species-rich grassland of the Limestone Crags, directing our attention particularly to the Lady’s Quarry area (SK5099). Walking up the steep but newly engineered and tarmacked pathways we were delighted to see the newly erected totem-like oak marker posts indicating the former coal and limestone industries.  Nora drew or attention to the abundantly flowering and fruiting Lime trees, noting that these were similar to the rare native Small-leaved Lime (Tilia cordata) and Large-leaved Lime (T. platyphylos). Cultivated hybrids between these two parents are the more frequently planted Common Lime (Tilia  x europaea).

Emerging from the woodland edge shrubby habitats of Blackthorn (Prunus spinose), Dogwood (Cornus sanguinea), Guelder Rose (Viburnum opulus), Hazel (Corylus avellana) and Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna), vines of Black Bryony (Tamus communis) scrambled up through these shrubs displaying their dark green heart-shapes leaves and orange berries. Another vigorous climber was the Tufted Vetch (Vicia cracca) with its racemes of purplish-blue florets (up to 40 florets per stem). Some plants were already developing their inch-long brown seed pods. On the edge of the grassland were stands of yellow-green Wood Sage (Teucreum scorodonia) and colonies of slim pale-yellow flowering spikes (up to 2ft tall) of Agrimony (Agrimonia eupatoria). Along the main paths the grassland contained an abundance of flowering White Clover (Trifolium repens), Red Clover (T. pratense) and the larger, looser purple-red flowering heads of the Zigzag Clover (T. medium).

Characteristic of the shorter or path-side grassland were clumps of the yellow flowering Bird’s-foot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatus), food plant for the Common Blue Butterfly. Another member of the pea family and one of the highlights of the Lady’s Quarry area were patches of Restharrow (Ononis repens) with its attractive pink winged and keeled flowers.  This rather local limestone plant with woody stems and downy leaves is the food plant of the Restharrow Plume Moth. This diaphanous low-flying insect has a very restricted distribution and although not recorded for the Crags, the abundance of its food plant suggests it may be here, just waiting to be discovered.

It was interesting to find patches of two native members of the Onion family, sadly neither were sufficiently well developed for a confident identification but were possibly Field Garlic (Allium oleraceum) and Wild Leek (Alium ampeloprasum). Anyhow, after a tentative nibble, Tony confirmed that they both tasted of chives.

Moving out onto the waist-high grassland were tangles of the Meadow Vetchling (Lathyrus pratensis) with their bunches of yellow pea flowers. Growing up in frothy mounds of tiny flowers are the scrambling patches of white Hedge Bedstraw (Galium mollugo) and golden yellow Lady’s Bedstraw (G. verum), the latter, pleasantly aromatic. Further swatches of colour were provided by beds of red-purple Knapweed (Centaurea nigra), the more flamboyant Greater Knapweed (C. scabiosa) and the 3ft tall blue-violet Field Scabious (Knautia arvensis).

As yet un-mown, un-grazed or un-burned, the limestone-loving grasses are now magnificently at waist-height, the tallest being Tor-grass (Brachypodium pinnatum) and Upright Brome (Bromus erectus). Other tall but more ubiquitous wayside grasses are False Oat-grass (Arrhenatherum elatius) and Cock’s-foot Grass (Dactylis glomerata), all food-plants of a range of butterflies, moths and grasshoppers. A more delicate grass of the Lady’s Quarry is the very attractive Quaking Grass (Briza media), though patches of grass particularly noticed by the Friends were path-side beds of a Bent Grass (Agrostis sp.) the microscopically fine seed heads seeming to hover like a mist over their dark green foliage. During our visit and in this elevated position, the boisterous wind was thrashing the sward into a sea of wave-like pulses … so no butterflies today!

Areas regularly burned in summer grass-fires, or the sites of fly-tipping bonfires, have been colonised by shoulder-height luminous magenta spikes of Rosebay Willowherb or Fire-weed (Chamerion angustifolium) … a feature of war-time bomb-sites of nearby Sheffield and Rotherham. These very striking plants are a preferred food of the impressive Elephant Hawkmoth.

On our way from the Lady’s Quarry we passed several saplings of Horse-chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum), the products of previous years’ conkers. Their huge palmate leaves were striped with pale patches caused by Leaf Miners, tiny caterpillars feeding on the pithy layers of plant tissue beneath the leaf epidermis. Later this summer these caterpillars will pupate and emerge as stunningly attractive ginger and black chevron-striped Horse-chestnut Micro Moths (Cameraria ohridella). This remarkable, if minute contribution to our biodiversity, was discovered new to science in Macedonia as recently as 1986. It was first noticed in Britain in 2002 and by 2008 the Nats had found it was already widespread on the ‘conker’ trees of the Doncaster district.

To round off a most interesting day we made our way to the picnic/socialising area of the adjacent allotment gardens where in the sunshine the friends had prepared an array of sandwiches, soft drinks and wine. Even this socialising area was well designed. The pea-gravel area had been planted with a chequer-board of colourful violas and its boundary sported an informal array of flowers including cornfield annuals. Convivial chatter was punctuated by examination of collected specimens. In fact, as they say in these parts, we made as much rattle as a can-a-mabs (=a tin of marbles).

Photographic opportunity: With the grassland flowers of the Crags currently being at their best, any photographers amongst the Friends should quickly capture images of the main plants and their habitats for the Crags website. An opportune occasion would be during the scheduled walk with Jim Horsfall and the Sorby Natural History Society on 6 July.



Wednesday 21st June 2023 – Brodsworth Hall Gardens
Leader : Tom Higginbottom.  
Members present: MP, JP, NB, CH and guest DG (Chairman of the Yorkshire Naturalists’ Union Flowering Plants section). 
This event which built on previous visits by the Society, was organised by Tom Higginbottom to provide the English Heritage Gardening staff with supplementary or updated information on the wild plants of the site.

Apart from a short but intense downpour at lunchtime, when the group adjourned to the Hall café for shelter and refreshments (generously provided by Tom), we had warm sunny weather all day 10.30 am to 4.30 pm.

Although the gardens were intensely managed for horticultural perfection and historical authenticity, the richness and abundance of the site’s natural biodiversity was remarkable.

It was impressive to be surrounded by the immaculate management of topiaried trees and shrubs, historically accurate bedding plots and close-mown/striped lawns. However, it was fascinating and heartening to note to that at every opportunity, between and to the rear of these expressions of excellence, areas had been left for the native flora to express itself (grow, flower and seed).

No weeds these … here we encountered whole communities of limestone grassland and woodland- edge floras, including regional and national rarities, which in the countryside at large have become extremely scarce and under threat.

It was also intriguing and heartening to see how the gardening staff were encouraging visitor participation in (for instance) the appreciation of the species-rich lawns with the sign that read:

“What’s on Today”
“Can you spot any of the Bee Orchids hidden in the grass??”

Notable plant communities and natural history features included the following:

  • The shaded woodland of the Pet’s cemetery where there is a progression from Smooth Meadow grass Poa pratensis which is replaced by the shade-requiring Poa nemoralis which in turn gives way to the woodland classics Wood Melic Melica uniflorq and Wood Sedge Carex sylvatica.
  • In the ‘Hay meadow’ area dominated by Upright Brome Bromus erectus, the Rest Harrow Ononis repens is one of the Yorkshire sites for the specialist Rest Harrow Plume Moth (Ref: Notes on the Rest-harrow Plume Moth (Marasmarcha lunaedactyla): A vulnerable element in Yorkshire’s biodiversity. Bulletin of the Yorkshire Naturalists’ Union. (1999) 32: 29-32.
  • By the path dropping down to the rose gardens, the steep cutting, shaded by beech canopy and clad with Vinca minor and Poa nemoralis is a colony of the delicate Maiden Pink Dianthus deltoids. Very rare in Yorkshire but probably a native here, though only known in the literature at Brodsworth since 2010 (Ref: Maiden Pink Dianthus deltoides at Brodsworth Park. Yorkshire Naturalists’ Union Website 2010
  • The Foxgloves, on a curving path running down to the rose gardens, were being worked by a number of nectaring insects including a range of bumble bees. It was interesting to watch them working the florets in the spiralling fibonacci sequence of the plant’s structure. To encourage Bumble bees, it would be useful to install underground Bumble bee nesting boxes (upturned terracotta plant pots) around the park (info from:
  • Unmown grassland to the rear or between heavily managed features frequently supported ranges of orchids. One swarm included over 80 Spotted Orchids Dactylorhiza fuchsii and nearby were more, together with Bee Orchid Ophrys apifera, Twayblade Neottia ovata and Southern Marsh Orchids Dactylorhiza praetermissa.
  • Coming from the church to the main drive, to the rear of a cleared bed in front of topieried shrubs was a very fine fruiting clump of the Prickly Sedge Carex muricata. This is by far the most impressive example of this plant in the Doncaster region and represents one of the very few South Yorkshire sites for this national rarity.  

These and no doubt many more features of natural history interest are a tribute to the skill, knowledge and positive attitude of the gardening staff/management. We hope these comments may be of assistance to the continuation of their impressive work.

The following table is a list of species encountered during our visit:


Scientific name Vernacular name
Achillea millefolium Yarrow
Aegopodium podagraria Ground Elder
Alchemilla sp. Lady’s Mantle
Angelica sylvestris Wild Angelica
Aquilegia vulgaris Columbine
Arrhenatherum elatius False Oat-grass
Bellis perennis Daisy
Brachipodium sylvaticum Slender False-brome
Briza media Quaking Grass
Bromus erectus Upright Brome
Carex muricata Prickly Sedge
Carex sylvatica Wood Sedge
Centaurea nigra Knapweed
Cerastium fontanum Mouse-eared Chickweed
Cicaea lutetiana Enchanters Nightshade
Cirsium arvense Creeping Thistle
Cirsium vulgare Spear thistle
Conopodium majus Pignut
Cynosurus cristatus Crested Dogtail
Dactylis glomerata Cock’s-foot Grass
Dactylorhiza praetermissa Southern Marsh Orchid
Fagus sylvatica Beech
Fagus sylvatica pupurea Copper Beech
Fragaria vesca Wild Strawberry
Galium aparine Cleavers
Galium verum Lady’s Bedstraw
Geranium dissectum Cut-leaved Cranesbill
Geranium molle Dove’s-foot Cranesbill
Geranium robertianum Herb Robert
Geum urbanum Wood Avens
Holcus lanatus Yorkshire Fog
Hypericum androsaemum Tutsan
Hypericum hirsutum Hairy St. John’s-wort
Lamium purpureum Red Dead-nettle
Lapsana communis Nipple-wort
Lathyrus pratensis Meadow Pea
Leucanthemum vulgare Ox-eye Daisy
Lolium perenne Rye Grass
Lotus corniculatus Bird’s-foot Trefoil
Melica uniflora Wood Melic
Mercurialis perennis Dog’s Mercury
Neottia ovata Twayblade
Ophrys apifera Bee-orchid
Plantago laneolata Ribwort Plantain
Plantago media Hoary Plantain
Poa pratensis Smooth Meadow-grass
Primula veris Cowslip
Prunella vulgaris Selfheal
Quercus ilex Holme Oak
Quercus robur English Oak
Ranunculus acris Meadow Buttercup
Ranunculus repens Creeping Buttercup
Rhinanthus minor Yellow Rattle
Rumex sanguineus Wood Dock
Sanguisorba minor Salad Burnet
Sanicula europaea Wood Sanicle
Silene dioica Red Campion
Stachys sylvatica Hedge Woundwort
Tamus communis Black Bryony
Taxus baccatus Yew
Thymus sp. Thyme sp.
Tilia sp Lime
Trifolium pratense Red Clover
Trifolium reptens White Clover
Trisetum flavescens Yellow Oat
Ulmus glabra Wych Elm
Veronica serpyllifolia Thyme Speedwell
Vinca minor Lesser Periwinkle
Viola riviniana Common Dog Violet


Other species
Scientific name Vernacular name
Columba palumbus Wood Pigeon
Corvus monedula Jackdaw
Cyanistes caeruleus Blue Tit
Dendrocopos major Great-spotted Woodpecker
Erithacus rubecula Robin
Fringilla coelebs Chaffinch
Phylloscopus collybita Chiffchaff
Pica pica Magpie
Sitta europaea Nuthatch
Turdus merula Blackbird
Clytus arietis Wasp Beetle
Apis mellifera Honey Bee
Bombus hypnorum Tree Bumblebee
Bombus lapidarius Red-tailed Bumblebee
Bombus lucorum White-tailed Bumblebee
Bombus pratorum Early Bumblebee
Episyrphus balteatus Marmalade Hoverfly
Eristalis tenax Drone Fly
Syrphus ribesii Hoverfly
Aphantopus hyperantus Ringlet (Butterfly)
Maniola jurtina Meadow Brown (Butterfly)
Mythimna ferrago The Clay (Moth)
Pammene aurita Sycamore piercer (A micro moth)
Laetiporus sulphureus Chicken in the woods
Polyporus squamosus Dryads Saddle


Saturday 17th June 2023 – Went Ings – Sykehouse SSSI Meadows
Leaders: John Scott; & Anna Thirlwell.
Members present: JB, TH & CH.
This was a repeat of the visit made to the Ings on 20th May. Since the first visit it’s been warmer and drier so the intention was to hopefully find more variety of flowers and insects including Forrester moths. After all the hot sunshine of the previous week, the weather was slightly cooler and overcast for most of the visit so unfortunately no Forrester moths were in evidence.
As before we followed the same route initially.
Before reaching the canal, John showed the group an area where sedge Carex elata is growing in amongst a large amount of Carex riparia (greater pond sedge). For info – Grid Ref: SE647180
When we reached the canal we spent some time watching:
Blue-tailed damselfly
Black tailed skimmer
Red eyed damselfy
Banded demoiselle
A pair of mute swans with five cygnets
Along the canal we spotted:
Marsh Woundwort
Smooth Sow thistle
Black medic – John helpfully pointed out that black medic has a point at the end of the leaf
unlike lesser trefoil
Floating pennywort
Flowering rush – interesting twisty stem
Angelica – cultivated form – Louise – For info – Grid Ref: SE648182
Unlike before, we only visited the meadows close to the canal but were pleased to find a greater variety of plants in flower – including many Common spotted orchids. Great Burnet was flowering in profusion in all meadows. In the final meadow – a Carstairs Trust meadow, a large amount of Dyer’s Greenweed was in flower.
John found two separate patches of Heath grass which was an unusual find for the area.
Louise – For info – Grid Ref: SE648181
Other interesting finds:
Marsh bedstraw
Oval sedge
Marsh Thistle
Carex remota
Lesser swinecress
Pepper saxifrage
Evidence of dock beetle were noted.
Wasp beetle
Yellow shell moth
Small skipper
Common blue
Meadow brown
Speckled wood
Anna Thirlwell.
Tuesday 14th June 2023 – Shirley Pool.
Tim Kohler’s expedition to the fenlands, wet woodlands of Shirley Pool and Shirley Jungle (yes … that’s its official name) was sensational!

We should have taken a leaf out of Rudyard Kipling’s ‘Just So Stories’ and introduced it as Tim’s expedition “To the banks of the great grey-green greasy Shirley Pool, all set about with fever trees”.

It took place on a seemingly hot day when the impenetrable fens were impenetrably fenny and the impenetrable wet woodlands (despite the drought) were impenetrably soggy and the mosquitos and other biting dipterans were inclining to be a bit too friendly.

It was like stepping back into the world of the 18th/19th century local Botanists – Thomas Tofield (1730-1779); Margaret Stovin (1756-1846); William Pilkington (1758-1848); Jonathan Salt (1759-1810); George Nicholson (fl.1830s); Rev. Gerard Edwards Smith (fl. 1844 to 1846);  Oswald Allen Moore (d.1862); Samuel Appleby  (1806-1870); Peter Inchbald (1816-1896); Mary Yarborough (fl. 1830s); J. E. Kenyon (fl.1864); T. W. Gissing (1829-1870); Thomas Birks (fl. 1870s-80s); Franklin Parsons (fl. 1870s); and Dr H. H. Corbett (1856-1921).

Tim wasn’t just showing us odd specimens of key wetland plants of pre enclosure landscapes, he was taking us to where they dominated and were in charge. Ancient contorted coppiced Alders and Oaks were like the Ents from the forests of Tolkien’s Middle-earth and in the closed canopy settings of the Willow carrs, the blizzards of wind-borne flocculent willow seeds had settled on every twig and surface, giving the impression of a winter wonderland … though sweltering in the mid 20s C!

There were banks and beds of Marsh Fern Thelypteris palustris, jungles of Great Water Dock Rumex hydrolapathum and amongst Phragmites reed beds were stands of the Great Fen Sedge Cladium mariscus. In open fenny grassland were beds of Meadow Rue Thalictrum flavum with the delightful Ragged Robin Silene flos-cuculi, and generally there were enough Sedges and Rushes to occupy you for an entire Open University Course.

Thank you Tim (and the Carstairs Trust)  for a most remarkable day of exploration but gosh (!) you made us suffer for our art.


Sunday 11th June 2023 – Slaynes Lane Gravel Pits, Misson

 Leader: Jim Burnett. 

Also present: JN, TH, CH and two guests from Misson.

As JN remarked, this was the watery landscape by the river Idle we identified at a distance, looking down from the elevated vantage point of Barrow Hills during our spring visit back on 27 March.

On a dazzlingly bright and enervatingly hot day, the group walked along Slaynes Lane from the Austerfield end (SK667937) through to the outskirts of Misson village (SK688946), having lunch at the slightly elevated bird-watching outlook off the eastern side of Slaynes Lane (SK686943).

The meandering river Idle flowed from south-west to north-east beyond the flooded/subsided former arable land. Running along the south side of Slaynes Lane (from SK 680939 to 687945) is a deep wide flooded drain, its banks supporting dense beds of riparian vegetation dominated by Great Reed Phragmites australis, Reedmace Typha latifolia, Reed Sweet-grass Glyceria maxima, Reed Canary-grass Phalaris arundinaces, with Water Figwort Scrophularia auriculata , Yellow Iris Iris pseudacorus and Hemlock Conium maculatum. This zone, currently supporting Reed Warblers, Sedge Warblers and Reed Buntings, would be ideal to visit in autumn/winter to search for Harvest Mouse nests.

From the several concrete bridges across this drain it was possible to watch a busy traffic of Odonata consisting of Banded Demoiselle (Calopterix splendens), Common Blue Damselfly (Enallagma cyathigerum) and Black-tailed Skimmers (Ortherum cancellatum). Aquatic plants in the drain included the algae Enteromorpha intestinalis [actually a sea-weed!], Branched Bur-reed Sparganium erectum, Water Plantain Alisma plantago-aquatica, Waterweed Elodea sp., Starwort Callitriche sp., Duckweed Lemna sp. and Water Milfoil Myrophyllum sp. Seen from one of the bridges, outliers of a  shoal of fish fry (possibly Roach) were being stalked by two very young (4-6 inches long) Pike Esox lucius.

The once arable fields along the north side of Slaynes Lane have been quarried for their sand and gravel deposits, a legacy of the post glacial Lake Humber. These are now open water bodies with numerous water birds and, due to the prolonged drought, extensive shorelines and mud banks providing feeding/roosting areas for wading birds.

Scientific Name Vernacular Name
Alisma plantago-aquatica Water Plantain
Anthriscus sylvestris Cow Parsley
Arctiom minus Lesser Burdock
Arrhenatherum elatius False Oat-grass
Artemisia vulgaris Mugwort
Ballota nigra Black Horehound
Callitriche sp. Water Starwort
Capsella bursa-pastoris Shepherd’s Purse
Cirsium arvense Creeping Thistle
Cirsium vulgare Spear Thistle
Conium maculatum Hemlock
Convolvulus arvensis Field Bindweed
Dactylis glomerata Cock’s foot-grass
Enteromorpha intestinalis Gut-weed (Algae)
Epilobium hirsutum Great Willowherb
Euphorbia lathrys Caper Spurge
Galium aparine Cleavers
Geranium dissectum Cut-leaved Geranium
Geranium molle Dove’s-foot Cranesbill
Glyceria maxima Reed Sweet-grass
Heracleum sphondylium Hogweed
Humulus lupulus Hop (In hedgerow as lane entered Misson)
Iris pseudacorus Yellow Iris
Lactuca serriola Prickley Lettuce
Lamium album White Dead-nettle
Lamium purpureum Red Dead-nettle
Lemna sp. Duck-weed
Lolium perenne Rye-grass
Lonicera periclymenum Honeysuckle
Malva sylvestris Mallow
Matricaria discoidea Pineapple weed
Myrophyllum sp. Water Milfoil
Papaver rhoeas Red Poppy
Persicaria amphibian Amphibious Bistort
Phalaris arundinaces Reed Canary-grass
Phragmites australis Great Reed
Picris echioides Bristly Ox-tongue
Plantago lanceolatum Lanceolate Plantain
Poa annua Annual Meadow-grass
Poa pratensis Smooth Meadow-grass
Ranunculus repens Creeping Buttercup
Reseda luteola Weld
Rosa canina Dog Rose
Rubus fruticosus Bramble
Rumex crispus Curly Dock
Rumex obtusifolius Broad Dock
Salix cinerea Grey Willow
Salix fragilis Crack Willow
Scrophularia auriculata Water Figwort
Silene dioica Red campion
Silene latifolia  White campion
Sisymbrium officinale Hedge Mustard
Sonchus asper Prickly Sow-thistle
Sonchus oleraceus Smooth Sow-thistle
Sparganium erectum Branched Bur-reed
Thalictrum flavum Common Meadow-rue
Trifolium repens White Clover
Tripleurospermum inodorum Scentless Mayweed
Typha latifolia Reedmace
Urtica urens Stinging Nettle
Scientific Name Vernacular Name
  Blackheaded Gull 120+
  Canada Goose
  Carrion Crow
  Common Tern 2+
  Coot 20 + 43
  Great Crested Grebe 2+ pairs
  Grey Heron
  Grey-lag Goose 6 + goslings
  House Sparrow
  Lapwing 2 +
  Little Egret 5
  Mallard 4 + 6
  Mute Swan 39 + 2
  Oystercatcher 4 + 6
  Reed Bunting
  Reed Warbler
  Sand Martin
  Sedge Warbler
  Song Thrush
  Tufted Duck 6 +
  Willow Warbler
  Wood Pigeon
Scientific Name Vernacular Name
Calopterix splendens Banded Demoiselle
Enallagma cyathigerum Common Blue Damselfly
Ortherum cancellatum Black-tailed Skimmer
Scientific Name Vernacular Name
Gerris lacustris A Pondskater


Tuesday 6th June 2023 – Finningley Flowers

Leader : Tricia Haigh

It’s hard to imagine that after all these hot sunny days a fortnight ago it was a cool and cloudy afternoon with a chilly wind when we met in Finningley churchyard.  I was joined by Nora and Gerri from the Nats and 2 other members of our church family. Having checked out the field in advance I decided there was little of interest compared with last year to make a visit worthwhile.

We spent just over 2 hours walking around our churchyard and the new burial ground looking principally at the botany but noting any wildlife seen, including a Swollen-thighed Beetle that I spotted when I first arrived on an Ox-eye Daisy flower but was unable to photograph before it moved off.  Although I hadn’t seen these beautiful insects before last year I’ve seen a number recently.  A few small beetles were spotted and gradually more bees were observed, including several that I found feeding on the flowers of Cotoneaster species growing near the Hollies just after everyone had left, including a Tree Bumblebee (photographed).

Mildew was noted on some plants, in particular White Deadnettle growing in the border near the rear entrance.  Two new plant species first noted in May were seen.  The first, a garden escape, was Pink Sorrel, Oxalis articulata.  Another first spotted in May was a Caper Spurge, Euphorbia lathyris, which on this occasion was found in flower and photographed.  Another new record for the churchyard was Mouse-ear Hawkweed, Pilosella officinarum.  This has been recorded for a number of years in the new burial ground but despite the number that were flowering alongside Common Cat’s-ear in the western end of the churchyard it was the first time I had seen it growing there.

In the churchyard a few Mikiola fagi galls were found on Beech leaves, single galls on individual leaves. This newly discovered gall caused interest last year when it was found as it was not a common sighting.  In the new burial ground oak leaves were scrutinised and Nora discovered a good example of the gall wasp Andricus curvator on Quercus robur, a first record of this gall for Finningley (photographed).  Another gall was found and photographed, which as yet has not been identified.

Herbaceous perennials and grasses, sedges etc

Vernacular Name Botanical Name Comments
Cat’s-ear Hypochaeris radicata  
Field Woodrush / Good Friday Grass Luzula campestris  
Yorkshire Fog Holcus lanatus  
Cock’s-foot Dactylis glomerata  
Sweet Vernal Grass Anthoxanthum odoratum  
Brome sp    
Ox-eye Daisy Leaucanthemum vulgare  
Meadow Buttercup Ranunculus acris  
Ribwort Plantain Plantago lanceolata  
Lady’s Bedstraw Galium verum In bud
Lesser Stitchwort Stellaria graminea  
Herb Robert Geranium robertianum  
Greater Periwinkle Vinca major  
Pink Sorrel Oxalis articulata Garden escape first recorded May 2023
Cleavers / Goosegrass Galium aparine  
Sorrel, Common Rumex acetosa  
Nipplewort Lapsana communis  
White Bryony Bryonia dioica  
Germander Speedwell Veronica chamaedrys  
Common Ragwort Senecio jacobaea Not yet in flower
Goat’s-beard Tragopogon pratensis  
Smooth Sowthistle Sonchus oleraceous  
Columbine Aquilegia vulgaris  
Wall-rue Asplenium ruta-muraria  
Male Fern Dryopteris filix-mas  
Red Campion Silene dioica  
Stinging Nettle Urtica dioica  
Common Vetch Vicia sativa  
Asparagus Asparagus officinalis  
Hogweed Heracleum sphondylium  
Common Mouse-ear Cerastium fontanum  
Smooth Hawk’s-beard Crepis capillaries  
Caper Spurge Euphorbia lathyris First recorded May 2023
Hairy Tare Vicia hirsute  
Hop Trefoil Trifolium campestre  
White Deadnettle Lamium album  
Spear Thistle Cirsium vulgare In bud
Dove’s-foot Crane’s-bill Geranium molle  
Broad-leaved Dock Rumex obtusifolius  
Garlic Mustard Alliaria petiolata  
Creeping Thistle Cirsium arvense Not yet in flower
Opium Poppy Papaver somniferum In bud
Stinking Iris Iris foetidissima  
Ground Elder Aegopodium podagraria  
Lesser Stitchwort Stellaria graminea  
Common Bird’s-foot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus  
Salad Burnet Sanguisorba minor  
Mouse-ear Hawkweed Pilosella officinarum 1st record in churchyard (west end). 
Daisy Bellis perennis  
Lady’s Smock Cardamine pratensis  
Hedgerow Crane’s-bill Geranium pyrenaicum  
Shining Crane’s-bill Geranium lucidum  
Hedge Woundwort Stachys sylvatica  
Lesser Periwinkle Vinca minor  
Wild Arum / Cuckoo Pint Arum maculatum Going over
Stinking Hellebore Helleborus foetidus  
Herb Bennet / Wood Avens Geum urbanum  
Bittersweet Solanum dulcamara  
Greater Celandine Chelidonium majus  
Honesty Lunaria annua  
Green Alkanet Pentaglottis sempervirens  
Greater Stitchwort Stellaria holostea Going over
Thyme-leaved Speedwell Veronica serpyllifolia  
Wall Barley Hordeum murinum  
Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea  
Wavy Hairgrass Deschampsia flexuosa New graveyard
White Stonecrop Sedum album New graveyard


Trees and shrubs

Vernacular Name Botanical Name Comments
 Field Maple Acer campestre  Sapling found 2 years ago, so far it hasn’t been strimmed or mown this year
 Dog Rose  Rosa canina  
 Cotoneaster Cotoneaster franchetii  
Forsythia Forsythia sp  
Silver Birch Betula pendula  
Field Rose Rosa arvensis In bud
Flowering Currant Ribes sanguineum Berries forming
Wild Cherry Prunus avium  
Cherry Laurel Prunus laurocerasus  
Oregon Grape Mahonia aquifolium  
Bramble Rubus fruticosus  
Buddleia sp Buddleia davidii  
Elm sp Ulmus sp  
Elder Sambucus nigra  
Darwin’s Barberry Berberis darwinii  
Rose “Rambling Rector” Rosa “Rambling Rector”  
Sweetbriar Rosa rubiginosa  
Rowan Sorbus aucuparia Berries forming
Holly Ilex aquifolium  
Wall Cotoneaster   Cotoneaster horizontalis  
Hollyberry Cotoneaster Cotoneaster bullatus  
Honeysuckle sp Lonicera sp In flower in new graveyard
Pedunculate / English Oak Quercus robur New graveyard
Turkey Oak Quercus cerris New graveyard

Birds, Insects, etc  

Vernacular Name Botanical Name Comments
Rook Corvus frugilegus  
Wren Troglodytes troglodytes Heard
Jackdaw Corvus monedula  
Robin Erithacus rubecula  
Great-spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos major Feather found in churchyard
Bees & Wasps    
Common Carder Bee Bombus pascuorum  
Tree Bumblebee Bombus hypnorum  
White-tailed Bumblebee Bombus lucorum  
Swollen-thighed Beetle Oedemera nobilis On Ox-eye Daisy flower
Brown beetle on Ragwort?   See RIMG1609
Black beetle   See RIMG1614 / 5
Cuckoo spit on Ragwort   Froghopper nymph
Leaf miners    
Honeysuckle Lonicera periclymenum See RIMG1626.1628
Pedunculate Oak Quercus robur See RIMG1629
Plant Galls
Vernacular Name Botanical Name Gall Reference  
Beech Fagus sylvatica Mikiola Fagi (midge)    
Pedunculate Oak Quercus robur Andricus curvator (wasp) See RIMG1623-25  
Pedunculate Oak Quercus robur   See RIMG1630-34  
Ground Ivy Glechoma hederacea Liposthenes glechomae (wasp)